Recognizing that families have a right to know about lead-based paint and potential lead hazards in their homes, Congress directed EPA and HUD to work together to develop disclosure requirements for sales and leases of older housing. These requirements became effective in 1996:
Landlords & Sellers
Landlords and sellers have to disclose known information on lead-based paint hazards before leases take effect or sales are final. Leases and contracts must include a federal form about old lead paint. Landlords and sellers must also give buyers and renters the government brochure, Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home.
Buyers have up to 10 days to conduct a lead-based paint inspection or risk assessment at their own expense.
Pre-Renovation Education Rule
In June 1999, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the Pre-Renovation Education Rule (PRE) and requires that Protect Your Family from Lead in Your Home (English) or Proteja a Su Familia en Contra del Plomo en Su Casa (Spanish) be distributed to residents of pre-1978 housing before beginning any renovation or remodeling activities. The PRE requires written acknowledgement from the client that he or she has received the pamphlet. Alternatively, the contractor can send the pamphlet by certified mail. Contractors should keep this documentation in their files.
Renovation, Repair, & Painting Projects
Beginning April 22, 2010, federal law requires that contractors performing renovation, repair, and painting projects that disturb more than six square feet of paint in homes, child care facilities, and schools built before 1978, must be certified and trained to follow specific work practices to prevent lead contamination. For more information concerning the law, visit the EPA website.